Neurological and Metabolic Diseases

Neurological and Metabolic Diseases

Dystonia can occur as a part of the following disorders and conditions:

  • Cerebrovascular or ischemic injury (stroke)
  • Arteriovenous malformation
  • Perinatal cerebral injury
  • Viral encephalitis
  • Subacute sclerosing panencephalitis
  • AIDS
  • Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease
  • Kernicterus
  • Huntington’s disease
  • Parkinson’s disease
  • Spinocerebellar ataxias
  • HARP syndrome (Hypobetalipoproteinemia, acanthocytosis, retinitis pigmentosa, pallidal degeneration)
  • Familial frontotemporal dementias
  • Familial basal ganglia calcifications
  • Wilson’s disease
  • Juvenile parkinsonism
  • Neurodegeneration with brain iron accumulation type 1
  • Ataxia-telangiectasia
  • Triosephosphate isomerase deficiency
  • Vitamin E deficiency
  • Biopterin deficiency
  • Sphingolipidoses
  • Niemann-Pick disease type C and D
  • Ceroid lipofuscinosis
  • Homocystinuria
  • Hartnup disease
  • Methylmalonic aciduria
  • Tyrosinaemia
  • Lesch-Nyhan syndrome
  • Rett’s syndrome
  • Pelizaeus-Merzbacher disease
  • Dystonia-deafness syndrome
  • MERRF (myoclonus epilepsy associated with ragged-red fibers)
  • MELAS (myopathy, mitochondrial-encephalopathy-lactic acidosis-stroke)
  • Leber’s disease
  • Leigh’s syndrome
  • Neuroacanthocytosis
  • Neuronal intranuclear inclusion disease
  • Haemochromatosis
  • Progressive supranuclear palsy
  • Multiple system atrophy
  • Corticobasal ganglionic degeneration
  • Dentatorubropalidoluysian atrophy
  • Glutaric academia
  • Methylmalonic academia
  • Homocystinuria
  • Metachromatic leukodystrophy
  • Neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis
  • Primary antiphospholipid antobidy syndrome
  • Gangliosidoses
  • Hallervorden-Spatz disease
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Atlantoaxial sublaxation
  • Syringomyelia
  • Arnold-Chiari malformation
  • Congenital Klippel-Feil syndrome

To locate information about these diseases, the following resources may be helpful:

www.webmd.com